He says that white people have "lifted up" black people through welfare, and that whites have suffered discrimination through affirmative action.
I personally prefer to be neutral on affirmative action, but I often give it the benefit of the doubt. Maybe I'm wrong, or maybe it needs to be managed better. Either way, Pat's essay throws a lot of disturbing ideas about blacks oweing whites gratitude. This essay has no mention of the long history of slavery, post-salvery lynchings, Jim Crow, and segregation. In fact, Pat's first argument seems to justify slavery as being good for black people:
"First, America has been the best country on earth for black folks. It was here that 600,000 black people, brought from Africa in slave ships, grew into a community of 40 million, were introduced to Christian salvation, and reached the greatest levels of freedom and prosperity blacks have ever known.
Wright ought to go down on his knees and thank God he is an American."